Peoples of the caucasus

Like other peoples in the mountainous Caucasus, the relative isolation of the Karachay allowed them to develop their particular cultural practices, despite general accommodation with surrounding groups. Karachay people live in communities that are divided into families and clans . A tukum is ...

Peoples of the caucasus. This book provides a ready introduction and practical guide to the Chechen people and some little-known and rarely-considered aspects of Chechen culture, including customs and traditions, folklore, arts and architecture, music, and literature. It also narrates Chechen history from ancient times and provides sketches of archaic religions and civilizations. Jaimoukha reveals the esoteric social ...

The Caucasus region gradually enters the historical record during the Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age. Hayasa-Azzi was a Late Bronze Age confederation of two kingdoms of Armenian Highlands, Hayasa located South of Trabzon and Azzi, located north of the Euphrates and to the south of Hayasa. The Hayasa-Azzi confederation was in conflict …

Armenia, country of Transcaucasia, lying just south of the Caucasus mountain range. To the north and east Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan, while its neighbors to the southeast and west are, respectively, Iran and Turkey. ... The centuries-long rule of Ottoman and Persian conquerors imperiled the very existence of the Armenian people.Jan 25, 2011 ... Two ethnic territories form Kabardino-Balkaria: one predominantly of Kabardin (who speak a Caucasian language) and the other predominantly ...Oct. 2, 2023, 4:42 PM ET (AP) Azerbaijani, any member of a Turkic people living chiefly in the Republic of Azerbaijan and in the region of Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran. At the turn of the 21st century there were some 7.5 million Azerbaijani in the republic and neighbouring areas and more than 15 million in Iran.The Battle of the Caucasus is a name given to a series of Axis and Soviet operations in the Caucasus area on the Eastern Front of World War II.On 25 July 1942, German troops captured Rostov-on-Don, Russia, opening the Caucasus region of the southern Soviet Union, and the oil fields beyond at Maikop, Grozny, and ultimately Baku, to the Germans.Two days prior, Adolf Hitler issued a directive to ...Sep 29, 2022 ... Peoples of the Caucasus! Now I am in that part of Kyiv, where Imam Shamil, the hero of Dagestan and the entire Caucasus, lived in the 1860s.The name Caucasus is a Latinized form of Kaukasos, which the ancient Greek geographers and historians used; the Russian Kavkaz is of the same origin. The ultimate derivation is thought to be from Kaz-kaz, the Hittite name for a people living on the southern shore of the Black Sea.Oct 15, 2023 ... Note: People of North African and southwest Asian ancestry were historically also sometimes considered to be of the Caucasian race. Caucasian ...Durdzuks (Цурцукы) on Vakhushti's map in 1745 located between the Kisti (Кисты) and Gligvi (Глигвы)."Dourdsoukethi" (Mitcheghi). Atlas of the Caucasus.Dubois de Montpereux F., 1843. The Durdzuks (Georgian: დურძუკები, romanized: durdzuk'ebi), also known as Dzurdzuks, was a medieval exonym of the 9th-18th centuries used mainly in Georgian, Arabic, but also ...

Circassians, also called Cherkess or Adyghe ( Adyghe and Kabardian: Адыгэхэр, romanized: Adygekher ), are an indigenous Northwest Caucasian ethnic group and nation native to the historical country-region of Circassia in the North Caucasus. [26] As a consequence of the Circassian genocide perpetrated by the Russian Empire in the 19th ... Peoples of the Caucasus! Now I am in that part of Kyiv, where Imam Shamil, the hero of Dagestan and the entire Caucasus, lived in the 1860s. As you can see, Ukraine knows how to honor your heroes. We preserve the memory of those places that combined the cultures of our peoples. This is the center of our capital.The Chamalals are an indigenous people of Dagestan, North Caucasia living in a few villages in the Tsumadinsky District on the left bank of the Andi-Koisu river. They have their own language, Chamalal, and primarily follow Sunni Islam, which reached the Chamalal people around the 8th or 9th century. There are about 5,000 ethnic Chamalals (1999 ...May 15, 2014 ... The Caucasus region, dominated by the imposing Great Caucasus mountain range and stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, ...The Chechens. : Amjad M. Jaimoukha. Psychology Press, 2005 - Checheno-Ingushetia (Russia) - 320 pages. This book provides a ready introduction and practical guide to the Chechen people and some little-known and rarely-considered aspects of Chechen culture, including customs and traditions, folklore, arts and architecture, music, and literature.The map shows the Nogai population. Flag of the Nogai people. The Nogais (Nogai: Ногай, Noğay /noˈɣaj/, plural: Ногайлар, Noğaylar /noɣajˈlar/) are a Turkic ethnic group who live in the North Caucasus region. Most are found in Northern Dagestan and Stavropol Krai, as well as in Karachay-Cherkessia and Astrakhan Oblast; some also live in Chechnya, Dobruja (Romania and ...Nov 13, 2021 · History of the Caucasus. For thousands of years, people have lived on the 1,000-mile span of mountains stretching, high and low, from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, or in the numerous mountain valleys that delineate the Caucasus – an area where Asia and Europe meet. Throughout history, the indigenous peoples living in the northern and ... The peoples of the Caucasus, or Caucasians, are a diverse group comprising more than 50 ethnic groups throughout the Caucasus. Introduction Ethnic groups in the Caucasus By language group Language families indigenous to the Caucasus Indo-European Semitic Mongolic Turkic

(Peoples of the Caucasus.) 384 pp. Richmond: Curzon Caucasus World, 2001. This is the firstmodernaccountof the Circassians, once the largestNorth Caucasianpeople,whoseancestrylies lost in the mists of time and whose territorypresentlymakesup partof the RussianFederation.The terms Peoples of the Caucasus and Caucasian peoples indicate two main groups of people in Turkey: Immigrants from North Caucasus: Circassians (including the Abkhaz, Abazins, and Ubykh): Following the end of Circassian insurgency in 1864 and as an exodus from North Caucasia, Circassian peoples had settled in the territory of Turkey ...To reiterate that “representation matters” feels like an understatement. It more than matters; it can be life-saving. As a viewer, lending your support for stories told by Indigenous filmmakers and artists is crucial.This study clarifies the role of refugia and landscape permeability in the formation of the current genetic structure of peoples of the Caucasus. We report novel …Sep 29, 2022 · Peoples of the Caucasus! Now I am in that part of Kyiv, where Imam Shamil, the hero of Dagestan and the entire Caucasus, lived in the 1860s. As you can see, Ukraine knows how to honor your heroes. We preserve the memory of those places that combined the cultures of our peoples. This is the center of our capital.

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Throughout history, the South Caucasus has been a fault zone between East and West. The states themselves contain diverse populations, reflecting the history of the Caucasus as a frontier of Europe, Russia, Turkey, and Iran, all of which remain important actors in the region. The CSIS Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program tracks developments in this complex and strategically important region and ...Fertile Crescent. The Fertile Crescent ( Arabic: الهلال الخصيب, Hebrew: הסהר הפורה) is a crescent-shaped region in the Middle East, spanning modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan, together with the northern region of Kuwait, southeastern region of Turkey and the western portion of Iran. [1] [2] Some authors ...L Laz people ‎ (4 C, 32 P) Lezgins ‎ (5 C, 35 P) M Mingrelians ‎ (4 C, 61 P) N Nakh peoples ‎ (4 C, 20 P) OAlani, also called Alans, an ancient nomadic pastoral people who occupied the Steppe region northeast of the Black Sea. The Alani were first mentioned in Roman literature in the 1st century ce and were described …

Nevertheless, a Caucasian classification can still be formally correct if it refers to people who originate from the Caucasus region. One real Caucasian, the molecular anthropologist Dr. Ivan (Vano) Nasidze (Figure (Figure1), 1), recently passed away, suddenly and unexpectedly. Although this was a huge shock for everybody who knew Vano, in ...What is Caucasian? This is a term used to describe people who are white. Its origins date back to the 1700s when scholars believed that European peoples had their origins in the Caucasus Mountains ...Bulan was a Khazar king who led the conversion of the Khazars to Judaism. His name means "elk" [1] or "hart" in Old Turkic. The date of his reign is unknown, as the date of the conversion is hotly disputed, though it is certain that Bulan reigned some time between the mid-8th and the mid-9th centuries. Nor is it settled whether Bulan was the ...In the Caucasus – the homeland of the papakha, also known as the astrakhan hat - it is said that “If the head is intact, a papakha should be on it.”. Other popular sayings include “A ...The Caucasian-Mohammedan Legion ( German: Kaukasisch-Mohammedanische Legion) was a volunteer unit of the German Army during World War II. The Legion was created on 13 January 1942 [1] by order of General of the Infantry Friedrich Olbricht. The Legion consisted of Abkhazians, Circassians, Balkars, Karachays, Chechens, Ingushes, and the peoples ...Address by the President of Ukraine to the indigenous peoples of Russia The peoples of the Caucasus, or Caucasians, are a diverse group comprising more than 50 ethnic groups throughout the Caucasus. The peoples of the Caucasus, or Caucasians, are a diverse group comprising more than 50 ethnic groups throughout the Caucasus. The largest peoples speaking languages which belong to the Caucasian ...Map showing North and South Ossetia. Ossetia (/ ɒ ˈ s ɛ t i ə / ⓘ o-SET-ee-ə, less common: / ɒ ˈ s iː ʃ ə / ⓘ o-SEE-shə; Ossetian: Ирыстон or Ир, romanized: Iryston or Ir, pronounced [i.rɘ.ʂ̟ton]) is an ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians.The Ossetian language is part of the Eastern ...The term was part of his classification of all peoples based on a comparison of physical features. He classified white people as Caucasian because he believed that the people of the Caucasus had the most perfectly shaped skulls of any group of white-skinned people. Economy. The Caucasus is one of Eurasia’s prime agricultural regions. The map shows the Nogai population. Flag of the Nogai people. The Nogais (Nogai: Ногай, Noğay /noˈɣaj/, plural: Ногайлар, Noğaylar /noɣajˈlar/) are a Turkic ethnic group who live in the North Caucasus region. Most are found in Northern Dagestan and Stavropol Krai, as well as in Karachay-Cherkessia and Astrakhan Oblast; some also live in Chechnya, Dobruja (Romania and ...

During the meeting on 25-26 August, 1989, the Assembly of the Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus—AMPC (AGNK is the abbreviation in Russian—Assambleya Gorskikh Narodov Kavkaza) was formed. The AMPC's Second Congress, held in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkaria, on 13-14 October, 1990, confirmed that "a period of practical work to implement a ...

Imam Shamil was able to rally the various ethnic groups of the Caucasus to his cause, most notably the Chechens and Circassians, even though he was himself an Avar, one of the many peoples of ...Anatolian peoples. The Anatolians were Indo-European -speaking peoples of the Anatolian Peninsula in present-day Turkey, identified by their use of the Anatolian languages. [1] These peoples were among the oldest Indo-European ethnolinguistic groups and one of the most archaic, because Anatolians were among the first Indo-European …Literally, Turkish people are also Caucasian because some of the Turkish territories lie within the Caucasus region. What are the 3 human races? In the last 5,000- 7,000 of years, the geographic barrier split our species into three major races (presented in Figure 9): Negroid (or Africans), Caucasoid (or Europeans) and Mongoloid (or Asians) .Peoples of the Caucasus; Race and ethnicity in the United States Census; Race and genetics; References [] Notes ^ The traditional anthropological term Caucasoid is a conflation of the demonym Caucasian and the Greek suffix eidos (meaning "form", "shape", "resemblance"), implying a resemblance to the native inhabitants of the Caucasus.The Circassians have a long history forged in the crucible of their homeland in the mountains and valleys of the Northwest Caucasus. Of the many peoples of the Caucasus, they are notable for their wide and vociferous diaspora, particularly in Turkey and the Middle East. After living for many centuries in comparative obscurity under the shadow of Russia, the Circassians staged a minor comeback ...During the Caucasian Wars, Shamyl destroyed the nobility of the Caucasus as they were viewed as sell-outs to the Russians. During the Civil War, local Caucasian sympathizers with the communists were often killed by other Caucasians as well. This may explain the extremely low level of party membership among the peoples of the North Caucasus today.Key Words: The Caucasus, peoples, History, Folklore. Introduction: The Caucasus /ˈkɔːkəsəs/ or Caucasia /kɔːˈkeɪʒə/ (for endonyms, see below), is a region at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black and the Caspian seas. It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, which contain Europe's highest mountain, Mount Elbrus.

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The peoples of the northern and southern Caucasus mostly are Shia Muslims, Sunni Muslims, Eastern Orthodox Christians or Armenian Christians. History [ edit ] Further information: History of the Caucasus"The Caucasus is a frontier land of high, jagged snow peaks, ruined flint fortresses and pine forests that have hidden centuries of bare-rock rebellion by warrior nations. Waves of uprising, conquest, deportation, exile and resettlement have pitted the peoples of the north Caucasus against Russia for hundreds of years and continue to do so still.Radvanyi.fm Page 157 Wednesday, March 14, 2007 9:46 AM Challenges Facing the Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus Jean Radvanyi and Shakhmardan S. Muduyev1 Abstract: Two geographers report on the current challenges facing the inhabitants of the Caucasus mountains on the borders of Russia and its southern neighbors, Georgia and Azerbaijan.In Greco-Roman geography, Iberia (Ancient Greek: Ἰβηρία Iberia; Latin: Hiberia) was an exonym for the Georgian kingdom of Kartli (Georgian: ქართლი), known after its core province, which during Classical Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages was a significant monarchy in the Caucasus, either as an independent state or as a ...Later, the Khazars adopted Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, learned Hebrew and Slavic, and became settled in cities and towns thruout the north Caucasus and Ukraine. The Khazars had a great history of ethnic independence extending approximately 800 years from the 5th to the 13th century. The earliest history of the Khazars in southern Russia ...India - Diversity, Culture, Religion: India is a diverse multiethnic country that is home to thousands of small ethnic and tribal groups. That complexity developed from a lengthy and involved process of migration and intermarriage. The great urban culture of the Indus civilization, a society of the Indus River valley that is thought to have been Dravidian-speaking, thrived from roughly 2500 to ...Since bypassing the Caucasus was easy for horsemen, movement from the northern to the southern grasslands occurred repeatedly. As a result, Eurasia's two great pastoral traditions—Semitic in the south, Indo-European, Turkic, and Mongol in the north—met and mingled in Asia Minor and on steppe lands south of the Caucasus and therefore ...The Chamalals are an indigenous people of Dagestan, North Caucasia living in a few villages in the Tsumadinsky District on the left bank of the Andi-Koisu river. They have their own language, Chamalal, and primarily follow Sunni Islam, which reached the Chamalal people around the 8th or 9th century. There are about 5,000 ethnic Chamalals (1999 ...Mar 21, 2023 · The Circassian people are an ethnic group that lives on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea in the northern parts of the Caucasus. In the second half of the 1700s and the first half of the ... Scientific racism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries divided humans into three races based on "common physical characteristics": Caucasoid, Mongoloid, and Negroid. [2] American anthropologist Carleton S. Coon wrote that "India is the easternmost outpost of the Caucasian racial region" and defined the Indid race that occupies the Indian ...The Caucasus region gradually enters the historical record during the Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age. Hayasa-Azzi was a Late Bronze Age confederation of two kingdoms of Armenian Highlands, Hayasa located South of Trabzon and Azzi, located north of the Euphrates and to the south of Hayasa. The Hayasa-Azzi confederation was in conflict with ... ….

The word Caucasian, a rather obsolete and outdated term now, actually comes from the region of the Caucasus. After a visit to the Caucasus Mountains, a German anthropologist first used the term Caucasian for a derogatory system of racial classification dating from the 18th century. It's an unfortunate circumstance that the beautiful region ...Caucasians were, as Blumenbach presented them, the "white" race and included people not only from the Caucasus region, but also those from Europe, northern India and parts of North Africa. (The other groups Blumenbach identified, tied loosely to skin color, were Malaysian, Ethiopian, [Native] American and Mongolian.Initiated as a platform for peaceful collaboration among the Caucasian peoples, the Confederation of the Mountain Peoples turned into a kind of hub where ethnic ...Caucasian peoples, various ethnic groups living in the. Caucasus, a geographically complex area of mountain ranges, plateaus, foothills, plains, rivers, and.high mountainous regions of the Caucasus, rath er than on the adjoining piedmont and plains. The area covered in our pape r encompasses ca. 430,000 km 2, if one takes into account both the north and south slopes of the ch ain and their piedmont s, located in Russia 3 and in the South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Ge orgia).The Caucasus, an area that today includes parts of Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Iran and Turkey, is a crucial intersection for the history of Europe, both genetically and culturally ...Feb 7, 2014 · Decades of war ensued between the Russian Empire and the people of the Caucasus. During Alexander’s military service on the Chechen front, which started in 1850, the young heir led an advance ... Anatolia, also called Asia Minor, is the peninsula of land that today constitutes the Asian portion of Turkey. In geographic terms Anatolia may be described as the area in southwestern Asia bounded to the north by the Black Sea, to the east and south by the Southeastern Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, and to the west by the Aegean Sea and Sea of Marmara.The Khazars were a semi-nomadic, Turkic-speaking people who became a major commercial empire in the northern Caucasus during the 7th century AD. Over the centuries they expanded their power to include eastern Ukraine, Crimea, southern Russia, western Kazakhstan, and northwestern Uzbekistan too.For me, I view them as 'Caucasians' in a sense of geographical term because it is a region between Europe and Asia. People from the Caucasus are pretty diverse in appearance, literally. But I think the problem lies with language issue. In the Russian language, it exclusively means someone from the Caucasus region, but not referring to other ... Peoples of the caucasus, Durdzuks (Цурцукы) on Vakhushti's map in 1745 located between the Kisti (Кисты) and Gligvi (Глигвы)."Dourdsoukethi" (Mitcheghi). Atlas of the Caucasus.Dubois de Montpereux F., 1843. The Durdzuks (Georgian: დურძუკები, romanized: durdzuk'ebi), also known as Dzurdzuks, was a medieval exonym of the 9th-18th centuries used mainly in Georgian, …, having invented the association, let me locate the Caucasus and its peoples. Obviously the name "Caucasian" connects to the Caucasus, the 440,000 square kilometers of land separating the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. The two ranges of the Caucasus, Gilak people, Iranian peoples. The Talysh people ( Talysh: Tolışon تالشان) are an Iranian [9] [10] ethnic group indigenous to the Talish region shared between Azerbaijan and Iran which spans the South Caucasus and the southwestern shore of the Caspian Sea. They speak the Talysh language, one of the Northwestern Iranian languages., Photos. President Vladimir Putin took part in a peoples of the Caucasus and southern Russia public forum. March 26, 2004. 13:00. Rus Health Resort, Sochi., Turks are mostly white people with Mediterranean looks. Turkish People are descendants of Anatolian, Central Asian (mostly Turkic), Mediterranean, Balkans, and Caucasus people. According to genetic studies, Turkish people are similar to Southern Europeans, most similar to the South Italian population. source., From the Caucasus Mountains to the North of the Holy Land: The Circassians as an Exiled People. The Circassians, or "Adyghe" as they call themselves in their language, are a people originating from the northwestern Caucasus, a region located east of the Black Sea, between Russia, Turkey and Iran. The Circassians lived in relative freedom in ..., The Battle of the Caucasus is a name given to a series of Axis and Soviet operations in the Caucasus area on the Eastern Front of World War II.On 25 July 1942, German troops captured Rostov-on-Don, Russia, opening the Caucasus region of the southern Soviet Union, and the oil fields beyond at Maikop, Grozny, and ultimately Baku, to the Germans.Two days prior, Adolf Hitler issued a directive to ..., May 17, 2015 ... The Caucasus is a region that has had IFLRY's full attention for a long time now. In order to further enhance our cooperation with liberal and ..., Families indigenous to the Caucasus. Three of these families have no current indigenous members outside the Caucasus, and are considered indigenous to the area. The term Caucasian languages is generally restricted to these families, which are spoken by about 11.2 million people. [citation needed], The term was part of his classification of all peoples based on a comparison of physical features. He classified white people as Caucasian because he believed that the people of the Caucasus had the most perfectly shaped skulls of any group of white-skinned people. Economy. The Caucasus is one of Eurasia’s prime agricultural regions. , THE CAUCASUS, ITS PEOPLES, AND ITS HISTORY. THE history of Russia has been a series of expansions to the west, the south, and the east, towards the open sea. Each territory occupied was, sooner or later, absorbed into the Empire of which it became in every way an integral part. The fact that Russia was not separated from her colonial ..., History of the Caucasus. For thousands of years, people have lived on the 1,000-mile span of mountains stretching, high and low, from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, or in the numerous mountain valleys that delineate the Caucasus – an area where Asia and Europe meet. Throughout history, the indigenous peoples living in the northern and ..., Peoples of the Caucasus INTRODUCTION. Between the Black and Caspian Seas rise the Caucasus Mountains, stretching in a line 1,000 km (600 mi)... LOCATION AND HOMELAND. The Caucasus region is roughly the size of Spain (approximately 388,498 sq km/150,000 sq mi). The... LANGUAGE. Known as the Mother of ..., As Armenia deals with a refugee influx triggered by a military shelling campaign of a breakaway region by rival Azerbaijan, Canada's first ambassador to the …, Map of the North Caucasus region. The Avarians are a Northeast Caucasian people who speak Avar, a Northeast Caucasian language. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the Turanian nomads also share the name Avar. The Encyclopedia Britannica describes the Turanian nomads as "a people of undetermined origin and language." Only 32% lived in cities., The Khuni, Huni or Chuni were a people of the North Caucasus during late antiquity.They have sometimes been referred to as the North Caucasian Huns and are often assumed to be related to the Huns who later entered Eastern Europe. However, the ethnolinguistic and geographical origins of the Khuni are unclear. The first contemporaneous reference to the Khuni may be by Dionysius Periegetes and ..., As part of a merger agreement between the two insurance companies, Peoples Benefit Life Insurance Company became a part of Monumental Life Insurance Company in October of 2007., Category:Peoples of the Caucasus. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Subcategories. This category has the following 10 subcategories, out …, The History of White People: From The Caucasus Mountains to North America by Mirwaisi, Hamma - ISBN 10: 1791365280 - ISBN 13: 9781791365288 - Independently ..., Caucasian peoples may refer to: The Peoples of the Caucasus, various ethnic groups inhabiting the Caucasus region. Peoples speaking the languages restricted to the Caucasus area: Kartvelian (South Caucasian), Northwest Caucasian, and Northeast Caucasian. Caucasian race. White people. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the ... , Prince Alexander of Oldenburg, founder of Gagra, kept in his court a few representatives from each of the peoples of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, including the local blacks. It is known that by the 19th century, Afro-Abkhazians spoke only Abkhaz. Their total number is estimated by different observers in the range of "several families ... , Apr 12, 2022 ... The Kumyks are the largest Turkic people of the Caucasus. There are an estimated over 500,000 people, 430,000 of whom live in Dagestan (this is ..., From the Caucasus Mountains to the North of the Holy Land: The Circassians as an Exiled People. The Circassians, or "Adyghe" as they call themselves in their language, are a people originating from the northwestern Caucasus, a region located east of the Black Sea, between Russia, Turkey and Iran. The Circassians lived in relative freedom in ..., How did Klaproth assess the state of "civilization", or lack thereof, among the peoples of the Caucasus? Consider: The positive and negative qualities Klaproth assigned to the peoples of the Caucasus. Klaproth's assessment of the position of women among the peoples of the Caucasus. The place of religion in Caucasian societies, Living in the Caucasus mountains in this region is the Abkhasia, a society of people known for their incredible longevity and lifespans. This relatively small group of people have long had a reputation for extremely long and healthy lives. In fact, in the 1960s and 1970s, claims were made for lifespans of 150 years and marriages at age 110!, Wikipedia(28 entries) · ar شعوب القوقاز · av Кавказалъул халкъал · az Qafqaz xalqları · en Ethnic groups in the Caucasus · eo Kaŭkazaj popoloj · es Pueblos del ..., The peoples planned for extermination were mainly the Muslim Circassians, but other Muslim peoples of the Caucasus were also affected. Killing methods used by Russian forces during the genocide included impaling and tearing the bellies of pregnant women as means of intimidation of the Circassian population., Ironically, it was when Russia was ruled by a Georgian—Stalin—that cruelty toward people of the Caucasus was most vehemently recrudescent. In 1944, he simply deported about a half a million of ..., The North Caucasus peoples up to the eighteenth century 200 Georgia as a vassal state 205 The Caucasus in the late eighteenth century 211 7 The Caucasus and the Russians 213 Black Sea approaches: Cossacks and Crimean Tatars 213 The North Caucasus steppe: early Russian contacts 217 Russian forts and native allegiance 220, The peoples of the Caucasus by language are divided into 3 main groups: Caucasian families: a) The peoples of the Kartvelian language family: Georgians, Mingrelians, Svans b) Peoples of the Abkhaz-Adyghe language family: Abazins, Abkhazians, Adygs (Kabardins, Circassians, Adyghe, Shapsugs) c) The peoples of the Nakh-Dagestan language family:, Soviet reports proclaimed that the Caucasus was the region with the highest rate of Soviet supercentenarians, supposedly the oldest people on earth. The long-lifers became the Caucasus' cultural trademark and a source of Union-wide pride., Paleolithic and pre-Neolithic Central Asia were initially populated by a distinct population known as "Ancient North Eurasians", and linked to the Botai culture as well as the early Tarim mummies.Bronze Age Central Asia was populated by a mostly West-Eurasian Iranian-speaking peoples, as well as a minority of Paleosiberian peoples.Since the Iron Age, …, The issues at the heart of the conflict remain: Chechens and other peoples in the Caucasus region are struggling to retain an identity distinct from the larger Russian mass; Moscow and the pro ...